Roofing – The First Line of Defense Against the Elements

Canton Roofing is much more than just the decorative top of a building. It helps protect the interior from rain, snow, extremes of temperature and other weather conditions.

Roofers perform a thorough inspection of your roof. They measure damage in units called “roofing squares.” Typically, a 10ft x 10ft area, marked with chalk.

Roofing is one of the most important parts of any home. It protects the house from heat, cold, moisture, and other environmental elements. There are a number of different roofing materials that you can choose from, each offering different benefits and features. Choosing the right roofing material for your home depends on several factors, including cost, durability, and appearance.

Concrete tile is an inexpensive option that can mimic the look of different types of roofing materials, including slate and shingle. It is also durable and resists damage from fire, ice, and wind. This type of roof requires little maintenance, and it can last up to 30 years.

Asphalt shingles are another affordable roofing option that offers good insulation and water resistance. They are lightweight, and they come in a variety of colors and styles. These shingles are easy to install, and they can provide your home with a traditional or contemporary look. They can last up to 20 years.

Slate is an expensive roofing option, but it is very durable and can last for 200 years or more. It can withstand severe weather conditions, including high winds, heavy rains, and freezing temperatures. It is also a beautiful material that adds a touch of class to any home. However, slate tiles can chip and crack, and it is difficult to work on a slate roof.

If you are interested in a more eco-friendly roofing option, you can go with a metal roof. This type of roof is a great choice for hot-weather areas, as it has a reflective surface that helps keep the home cooler. It can also help lower energy bills.

Other roofing materials that you can choose from include clay tiles, which are a popular choice for residential homes in the Southwest and offer a unique layered look. They are also highly durable and resist wind, earthquakes, salty air, and insects.

Another roofing material that you can choose from is flat or low-pitch roof membranes, which are made of single-membrane systems. These systems can be topped with various treatments, such as rubber, EPDM, and PVC, or high-density spray polyurethane foam (SPF). The most common flat roof membranes are neoprene, EPDM, and thermoplastic polyolefins.


Your roof is the first line of defense against the elements. It takes a beating from wind, rain, hail, bitter cold, intense heat and sunlight. It’s designed to take these assaults and look good doing it. Roofing is a detailed process that requires skill and knowledge to perform properly. It is a labor-intensive job, and if you’re going to hire someone to do it for you, make sure they have the experience to do a quality installation.

Roofing installation starts with preparing the area. This involves covering areas around the house that aren’t getting worked on with tarps to prevent debris from falling and damaging landscaping and home exteriors. In addition, a crew will set up ladders and other tools to access your roof. Then, they’ll begin removing old roofing materials carefully. This step exposes the roof deck and allows a full inspection to be done for any damage or wear.

If your roof has any penetrations, the contractor will install an underlayment that is designed to defend against water intrusion. The underlayment is made from a felt paper material that has been saturated with a waterproof coating. It’s installed in layers. The first layer is secured to the roof with cap nails that are close together near the edge and spread out farther apart as you move towards the center of the underlayment. This is repeated for each row until the roof ridge is reached. A vapor retarder may also be added to this final underlayment layer. This is a heavy, black material that restricts the passage of water vapor and slows the rate at which shingles deteriorate.


Roofing maintenance procedures include inspections, preventive repairs, and record keeping. Performing routine inspections can help identify problems early and make repairs manageable. Inspections should be conducted by trained roofing professionals at least a couple times a year and more frequently in geographic areas with a diverse range of weather conditions.

Inspections should be documented on a maintenance checklist tailored to the individual roof’s needs. This can be particularly useful in commercial buildings where damage to interior finishes, electrical systems, and fixtures can result from water or moisture infiltration through the roof.

Rooftop inspections should look for accumulated dirt, debris, and other items that could clog drains and cause surface deterioration or premature failure. Inspections should also include checking seals around roof penetrations (e.g., skylights, vents, chimneys) to ensure they are intact. In addition, it is important to keep trees trimmed so they don’t overhang flat roofs, and to regularly check for falling limbs that could puncture or scratch the surface of a flat roof.

During a roof inspection, it is recommended that you use binoculars instead of a ladder to safely view large areas. This will allow you to inspect the condition of a roof without having to walk on it, which can damage shingles and may also lead to a fall. It is also a good idea to remove moss and algae as soon as they appear, since they can degrade the waterproofing layer of a roof. Also, be sure to inspect and replace flashing (the material that is placed around chimneys and where roof planes meet) on a regular basis; it is the most common source of leaks. In addition, you should periodically inspect stairs, crossovers, platforms and railings for structural soundness and surface deterioration, especially where there are electrical, harmful chemicals or hot equipment or pipes on the roof.


While giving your home a new coat of paint or replacing cabinet doors may be an easy DIY project, repairing or replacing a roof is not. Any problems with your roof should be handled promptly by a professional to prevent structural damage to your home or health issues from developing inside. Whether your roof is suffering from leaks, loose or missing shingles, a sagging roof, or weakened areas that could collapse under the weight of snow, rain, and debris, it is important to have these issues resolved before they worsen.

Depending on the type of roofing material and the extent of the repairs needed, there are several different repair options. Typically, shingle roof repairs involve replacing damaged or torn shingles and fixing the underlayment. Other repairs can include patching punctures in the roof, re-sealing flashing, and addressing any cracks or splits in cedar shakes.

Another repair option is re-roofing, which simply adds a second layer of shingles over the existing ones. However, this approach can lead to a “patchwork” look that doesn’t provide a seamless transition between the old and new. Re-roofing also doesn’t allow you to examine the underlying structure of your roof, so it isn’t an effective way to prevent leaks or address any other problems that might be lurking underneath.

Regardless of the repair method chosen, timely maintenance and repairs can significantly extend the lifespan of your roof and help to protect your home from major issues down the road. It is a wise investment for any homeowner looking to get the most out of their home while enjoying peace of mind. For those considering roof repair or replacement, it is important to consult with a skilled and experienced professional who can offer expert advice and recommendations that are specific to your home.